Ë

About the Medications

(your physician will most likely prescribe one of the following medications)

VALACYCLOVIR - ORAL
(val-uh-SYE-klo-veer)
COMMON BRAND NAME(S): Valtrex

Valacyclovir is an antiviral drug that is used to treat infections caused by certain types of viruses. It is safe for children and is used to treat cold sores around the mouth (caused by herpes simplex) and chickenpox (caused by varicella zoster). For adults, it is used to treat shingles (caused by herpes zoster) and cold sores around the mouth. Valacyclovir is also used to treat outbreaks of genital herpes (HSV-2) and is prescribed more often than other antiviral medications. For herpes patients with frequent outbreaks, this medication is used to reduce the number of future episodes. Because Valacyclovir is an antiviral drug, it stops the growth of certain viruses. However, it is not a cure for these infections. The viruses that cause these infections continue to live in the body even between outbreaks, undetected. Valacyclovir decreases the severity and length of these outbreaks. It also helps sores heal faster, keeps new sores from forming, and decreases pain/itching. This medication may also help reduce how long pain remains after the sores heal.
It works by eventually converting to acyclovir triphosphate, which inhibits replication of herpes viral DNA by competitive inhibition of viral DNA polymerase.

ACYCLOVIR - ORAL
(ay-SYE-kloe-vir)
COMMON BRAND NAME(S): Zovirax

Acyclovir is used to treat infections caused by some types of viruses. It treats cold sores around the mouth (caused by herpes simplex), shingles (caused by herpes zoster), and chickenpox. Acyclovir can also be used to treat outbreaks of genital herpes. In patients with frequent outbreaks, acyclovir is used to help reduce and prevent the number of future episodes. Acyclovir is an antiviral drug, but it is not a cure. The viruses that cause these infections live in the body between outbreaks, undetected. Acyclovir lessens the severity and length of these outbreaks. It helps sores heal faster, keeps new sores from forming, and decreases pain/itching. Acyclovir may also help reduce the length of pain remaining after the sores heal. In addition, in people with a weakened immune system, acyclovir can decrease the risk of the virus spreading to other parts of the body and causing serious infections. It converts to acyclovir triphosphate, which inhibits replication of herpes viral DNA by competitive inhibition of viral DNA polymerase.

FAMCICLOVIR - ORAL
(fam-SYE-kloe-vir)
COMMON BRAND NAME(S): Famvir

Famciclovir is used to treat infections caused by some types of viruses. It treats shingles caused by herpes zoster. It also treats outbreaks of herpes simplex that cause cold sores around the mouth, and genitals. In people with frequent outbreaks of genital herpes, famciclovir is used to help reduce the number of future episodes. Famciclovir is an antiviral drug. However, it is not a cure for these infections. The viruses that cause these infections continue to live in the body even between outbreaks, undetected. Famciclovir lessens the severity and length of these outbreaks. It helps heal sores faster, keeps new sores from forming, and decreases pain/itching. This medication may also help reduce how long pain remains after the sores are healed. In addition, in people with a weakened immune system, famciclovir can decrease the risk of the virus spreading to other parts of the body, like the eyes, and causing serious infections. It works by inhibiting viral DNA synthesis and replication in the body. This prescription is prescribed least often out of the three main antiviral medications.

Although there is no cure for either HSV-1 or HSV-2, these medications were developed to help subside the symptoms during a breakout, and help prevent and control future breakouts.

Get Treated